Power Take Off, or PTO refers to a switch or lever typically located on tractors and lawnmowers.
This is a mechanical or electronic switch that requires engine power to activate the mower deck or an implement. Mowers are powered by the PTO through a belt or shaft. Switches, clutches, cables, flywheels, and brakes make up the PTO system that links the mower’s engine to the deck and blades.
Read the article completely to learn more about what is a PTO on a lawn mower.
What is a PTO on a Lawn Mower?
“Power take-off,” or PTO, refers to the mechanism by which mechanical energy is transferred from a machine’s engine to an external power source.
The PTO is typically a shaft that extends from the engine and can be engaged or disengaged using a lever or switch.
When the PTO is engaged, the engine’s power is transferred to the blades or other attachments, allowing them to perform their intended function. When the PTO is disengaged, the blades or attachments stop rotating.
Most electric ride-on lawnmowers have a dashboard PTO. It’s a big red switch that you have to turn on every time you want to mow your lawn.
How Does a Lawnmower PTO Work?
PTO enables the operator to halt the blades while the engine continues to run. Hence, the operator does not have to constantly restart the lawnmower in order to empty mulching bags or do other maintenance.
The PTO protects the lawnmower blades from unexpected movement. It also prevents your lawnmower from mowing it down while you’re away.
Mowers and garden tractors typically have a PTO (power takeoff) switch (or lever) that the operator uses to engage the mower deck and turn the blades. The switch can be turned off by the operator to stop the rotation of the blades.
In this way, the cutting function can be used in conjunction with or independently of the driving system.
When the PTO switch is on, the engine powers the lawnmower blades to cut grass. Metal prongs in the PTO transfer engine power to the blades.
The PTO serves as a clutch on electric ride-on mowers and is usually found on John Deere and Ferris lawnmowers. PTO clutches and switches are its frequent names.
If the PTO is off, it won’t send power. It disables the clutch and stops powering the blades. The operator can safely operate on lawn mower mechanics by turning off the PTO switch. Safety requires PTO switch use.
How To Use a PTO Switch?
When the PTO switch is on, the clutch that controls the flow of power from the engine to the mower blades is engaged. In order to stop the mower from cutting, you must deactivate the PTO switch.
The PTO switch is a connector that sends power to the mower blades via metal prongs. The risk of injury from constantly spinning blades is reduced when they are turned off. If you wish to utilize your riding mower as a tractor to pull other tools, you can disable the blades with this function.
How to Test a PTO Switch?
If you have a multimeter, you can quickly and easily test a PTO switch by measuring the resistance between its terminals. For this task, you’ll want to switch to the Ohms setting on your multimeter.
PTO switch testing entails the following steps:
- Put one multimeter lead on a NO pin with the switch in the “off” position.
- Put the other wire into the NC pin that is exactly across from the NO pin.
- A healthy connection between the two pins is shown if the multimeter beeps and shows readings.
- Do the same thing for each of the pins on the bank’s outside.
- The next step is to turn on the switch.
- This time, instead of connecting a lead to a NO row pin, you’ll connect it to an NC row pin and a center row pin.
- Replace the other center pin in the same way.
- Don’t stress over the stray safety pin.
- If the switch “beeps” consistently throughout the test, it is functional. If the test fails because neither the buzzer nor the screen reading occurs at the appropriate time, try running it again. The switch is definitely broken and has to be replaced if it fails again.
How Can I Tell If My PTO Switch Is Bad?
The PTO switch and clutch can go bad in your lawn mower.
Bad PTO Switch:
When a dead battery is not the cause of an interruption if the engine is operating but the blades do not engage when you pull the knob you know it is a bad PTO switch.
By removing the button from the control panel, you can examine the controller, and by following the cables to the mower’s clutch, you may determine if that part of the system is malfunctioning.
Bad PTO Clutch:
Even if the mower engine is functioning, if the mower blades are not rotating, this indicates a problem with the PTO clutch. This suggests that the lower clutch plate is not being drawn to the electromagnet and is therefore unable to connect itself to the rotor.
Testing the blades’ engagement via the PTO switch might reveal whether or not the clutch is functioning properly. If the blades aren’t turning, it could be because of a worn flywheel or because the magnet isn’t properly attached to the rotor. If you hear rattling, it’s probably because the springs connecting the bottom plate are breaking.
How To Maintain A PTO Switch?
The PTO’s useful life can be lengthened and failures avoided with regular maintenance. Guidelines for keeping a PTO in effect are as follows:
Maintain a sanitary environment: The PTO can be ruined by dust, debris, and water. Use a dry cloth to maintain its cleanliness.
Look over the transmission and drivetrain. The PTO is linked to the part via the driveline. Verify that it is in fine shape, without any dents or bending.
Ensure that the oil in the transmission has been checked: The gearbox in some PTOs should be oiled periodically. Remember to keep an eye on the oil level in the gearbox and change it as necessary.
Apply a tiny amount of lubricant to the PTO’s moving parts to ensure smooth operation.
A PTO test: Check the PTO frequently to be sure it is in good working order. To check for noises or vibrations, repeatedly engage and release the attachment.
Get rid of broken or worn pieces right away and replace them with new ones. The PTO can malfunction or break down entirely if its parts wear out.
Check the instructions: If you need detailed instructions on how to maintain your PTO, check the owner’s manual for your lawnmower. The frequency of servicing needed by your model could vary.
Very simply, a lawnmower would be useless without its PTO. It regulates power flow from the engine to the transmission and other components. A lawnmower can’t be turned on or used without this switch. Turning off the PTO switch will help preserve the life of your lawnmower.