The muffler on a lawn mower serves the dual purpose of reducing noise and controlling emissions. The mower’s engine creates high-pressure exhaust gases when it lights up the mixture of fuel and air.
This gas if released without processing, causes a reduction in air quality.
Here inthis article, I will explain the basics of a muffler, its function, and many more!
What Is A Muffler In A Lawn Mower?
A muffler, or silencer, is a device used on internal combustion engines to minimize the amount of noise emitted into the atmosphere.
Located on the side or back of the mower’s engine, its job is to dampen the noise caused by the machine’s internal combustion.
Depending on the layout of the mower’s motor, a muffler may be cylindrical or rectangular. It is typically made from metals like steel or aluminum, which saves it from the heat and vibrations from the exhaust system.
The muffler may have fins or ridges on its outer surface to improve heat dissipation (by increasing its surface area). Typically, heat-resistant paint or a protective layer is applied to the exterior of the muffler to prevent corrosion.
Internally, it is comprised of a series of chambers, tubes, and baffles made from heat-resistant materials. It helps in controlling the passage of exhaust gases and reducing noise.
What Does A Muffler Do On A Lawn Mower?
Mufflers on lawnmowers are designed to reduce the sound of the engine while it’s running. But it is much more important than that (if mowing quietly and with less emissions wasn’t enough for you). Take a look at why it is so important:
Silencing the Mower
The muffler’s interior chambers have sound-absorbing materials. This reduces engine combustion noise. The absence of a muffler is why your mower sounds like a machine gun. A muffler makes mowing quieter for you and the people nearby.
The muffler also directs exhaust gases away from the mower and operator, ensuring safe emissions and a cleaner, safer mowing environment. The gases are directed through the muffler’s interior chambers and baffles. The sound energy is diminished and dissipated as the gases move through the various compartments.
Fireproofing and Safety
Mufflers can also serve as flame arrestors. Sometimes mulches can get caught on fire below the ground (especially mushroom mulch).
A small spark is enough to set it on fire. And it is less manageable as it burns below ground. Fire arrestor save you from these sparks. Mufflers also control the back pressure.
But using the mower without a muffler can burn up your exhaust valve. Additionally, although unlikely, some debris can enter the cylinder through the exhaust port. This is more likely to happen when the mower is turned off.
Read Also: Mower Engine Surging at Idle and How to Fix
Are Lawn Mower Mufflers Important?
The short answer is yes. But there’s a ‘but’. Most users still complain of having a bad noise. A common question is that if a car can be so quiet, why can’t the lawn mower?
So why isn’t a lawnmower often still very loud? The answer is, the cost of the mufflers.
Noise dampening raises the expense and most people don’t have a strong enough income to spend more solely to make their neighbors’ lives easier. Moreover, to be honest, electric mowers aren’t considerably quieter than gas mowers of comparable size.
Two-stroke engines are naturally quieter. Even a typical Briggs & Stratton tiny four-stroke engine isn’t much louder. So you might skip the dampers.
Electric mowers have very loud blades. Mufflers cannot really help with that.
Companies could add improved muffler technology for a small additional cost. But they would have to offer it at a higher price or take a lower profit per unit.
So in this way, mufflers may lose their importance when it doesn’t serve purpose due to poor quality.
Common Problems With Lawn Mower Mufflers and How to Fix Them?
Here’s the most common issue of a lawnmower muffler – clogging. It happens due to the following reasons:
- Leaving grass clippings on the mower can clog the muffler. Over time, grass cuttings might reduce muffler performance. Thus, the muffler can get clogged and inefficient.
- Due to incomplete fuel combustion, the muffler might accumulate carbon deposits which might obstruct exhaust gases. Low-quality gasoline, incorrect fuel-to-air mixture, and lengthy idling can exacerbate carbon accumulation.
- Leaking or burnt motor oil can enter the exhaust system and coat the muffler. Oil residue mixed with soot and carbon deposits might clog it.
- Mowing in dusty or unclean conditions might cause muffler debris. Grass clippings, mud, small twigs, and other material might jam the muffler.
- Rust and corrosion can damage the muffler’s metal parts.
- Muffler installation errors usually involve improper exhaust pipe alignment or angle. This can block the muffler.
If your muffler is blocked, you should turn off the engine, take it off, and give it a thorough inspection before trying to clear it.
Get rid of all the grime and residue, and then double-check everything else. Brush or blow off obstinate dirt, grass clippings, and carbon buildup.
Before brushing, soak the muffler in warm water and mild detergent. Put the muffler back on and give the mower a ride.
Check the muffler for obvious damage or blockage. Check the interior and outside of it for signs of carbon buildup, rust, debris, or oil residue. Verify that there are no punctures, holes, or other impediments to exhaust flow.
Can You Upgrade Your Lawnmower Muffler?
Yes, it is possible. But you will have to pick from the various types of mufflers available.
There are stock replacements, performance mufflers, and quiet mufflers. Additionally, there are also universal mufflers that is supposed to be ‘fit all’.
And the muffler you pick must be compatible with your lawn mower make and model. Not all mufflers fit all mowers. In this case, the owner’s manual can help you.
Some muffler upgrades may require professional installation. Especially if they involve modifications to the exhaust system, so that’s a thing to consider.
Depending on the muffler you choose, you may get improved engine performance, reduced noise levels, or both.
Here are some options to consider if you want to get a muffler for your mower:
- Arnold Universal Muffler.
- Briggs & Stratton 692038.
- Oregon 35-001 Super Low-Noise Muffler.
- Walker 22266 Quiet-Flow SS Muffler.
- Honda 18310-ZL0-000 Muffler Assembly
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Can you use a lawnmower without a muffler?
Yes, you can. But the sound will be harsher.
How long do lawn mower mufflers last?
A muffler of high quality and good maintenance can have a lifespan of anywhere from five to ten years on average.
What are the signs of a malfunctioning muffler?
Increased engine noise, excessive smoke emission, visible damage (like rust or holes), reduced engine performance, and the smell of exhaust gas while operating the mower.
Can I use a universal muffler on any lawn mower?
A universal muffler is designed to fit a wide range of lawn mower models. However, compatibility may vary. So it is advised to use specific mufflers on mowers.