If you’ve ever tried to start your lawn mower only to find that the primer isn’t working, you know the frustration.
A damaged primer bulb or faulty fuel line will usually cause your lawn mower to fail to prime. Fuel contamination and water in gas can also cause similar concerns. Your lawn mower might experience priming difficulty due to a faulty gasket or air box.
If the lawn mower primer not working, this article will tell you why and how to fix it.
How Does The Lawn Mower Primer Work?
Lawnmowers have smaller carburetors than autos. Small carburetors dry faster. The carburetor will be empty, preventing the lawnmower from starting. A primer solves this.
Primer pumps gas into the carburetor. Start the mower by delivering a fuel-air charge to the combustion chamber. The carburetor needs petrol to start the mower. Primers are either push bulbs or automated.
Bulb primers use physical strength, while the other works inside. They serve the same objective yet work differently. Bulb primers push gas to the carburetor. It directs tank fuel to the carburetor.
Another primer is automatic. The primer retains fuel when the mower is off. This fuel can get to the combustion chamber the next time you start the engine.
Both methods focus on fueling the combustion chamber through the carburetor.
5 Reasons Behind Lawn Mower Primer Not Working (Fixes Added)
There are the main causes for a non-functioning primer on a lawn mower:
- Blocked fuel line
- Primer bulb is not being squeezed
- Carburetor problem
- Fuel contamination
- Faulty gasket
1. Blocked Fuel Line
If your lawn mower’s primer is not working, it may be due to a blocked fuel line. This is not uncommon in small engines, as dirt and debris can accumulate and clog the fuel line.
A clogged fuel line prevents the fuel from reaching the primer. This can be caused by dirt or debris in the tank, a kinked or damaged fuel line, or a fuel filter that is clogged or dirty.
To fix this issue, you will need to locate the fuel line and unblock it:
- Start by emptying any remaining fuel from the tank and disconnecting the fuel line from the carburetor.
- Then, inspect the fuel line for any dirt, debris, or corrosion. If any is found, use a stiff wire brush to clean it out.
- Next, check the fuel filter to make sure it is not blocked as well.
- Finally, reconnect the fuel line, add fresh fuel to the tank, and try to start the lawn mower again.
- If the primer still does not work, additional inspection and maintenance may be needed to diagnose the issue.
2. Primer Bulb is Not Being Squeezed
If the primer bulb on your lawn mower is not working correctly, it could be caused by a blockage in the fuel line. The blockage could be caused by dirt, debris, or even an air leak.
Flexible plastic or rubber is used to make priming bulbs and tubes, but over time these materials harden, break, and degrade.
To diagnose the issue, you will need to check the fuel line for any blockages or leaks. If you find a blockage, use a small wire or needle to carefully remove it from the fuel line.
If you find an air leak, use a sealant to repair it. After doing this, try squeezing the primer bulb again to see if it works.
If the primer bulb still isn’t working, you may need to replace it. To do this:
- Find the right size and style of primer bulb for your lawn mower.
If the primer bulb is too small, it will not be able to pull enough fuel into the carburetor to start the engine.
If it is too large, it will pull too much fuel and may cause flooding or other issues.
- Once you have the right size, disconnect the fuel line from the primer bulb.
- Unscrew the old primer bulb and replace it with the new one.
- Reconnect the fuel line and try squeezing the primer bulb to see if it works.
If you have done all of the above and the primer bulb still isn’t working, the problem could be with the carburetor. In this case, you will need to take your lawn mower to a professional for further diagnosis and repair.
3. Carburetor Problem
Carburetor problems are usually caused by a lack of proper maintenance. The most common problems are dirty or clogged air filters, a clogged fuel filter, or a clogged carburetor.
A clogged carburetor can cause the fuel mixture to be too rich, leading to hard starting and possible stalling.
If the carburetor is not adjusted correctly, it can lead to issues such as poor performance, engine stalling, difficulty starting, and even an inability to start.
To clean the carburetor:
- Use a carburetor cleaner to remove any dirt or debris that has built up.
- Then, use a small brush or compressed air to clean the jets.
- Finally, if necessary, replace any worn or damaged parts.
Make sure the carburetor is properly adjusted according to the manufacturer’s specifications. This includes checking the idle speed, fuel mixture, and choke settings.
In addition, it is important to use the correct size primer bulb on the carburetor to ensure proper engine performance.
4. Fuel Contamination
If the fuel in your lawn mower has become contaminated, the primer bulb may not be able to draw fuel into the engine.
Contaminated fuel can contain dirt, water, or other debris which can block the flow of fuel from the primer bulb to the engine. If the fuel contains debris, the primer bulb may not be able to draw fuel into the engine for combustion.
If the fuel has been left in the mower for several months, it can also become stale and not combust properly.
If fuel contamination or water in the gas is detected, dump the fuel tank and refill it with clean fuel. Replace polluted fuel lines and filters. This can ensure that the lawn mower is getting the right fuel combination and is not blocked or damaged by tainted fuel.
If the priming does not work, clean or replace the primer bulb and examine the fuel lines for blockages or damage.
5. Faulty Gasket
If the gasket on your lawn mower is faulty, then the primer will not work as intended. This is because the primer needs to build up pressure in the carburetor in order to properly mix fuel and air.
If the gasket is faulty, then the pressure will not be able to build up and the fuel and air will not be properly mixed.
To fix this issue, you will need to replace the gasket. You can purchase a new gasket at most hardware stores or online.
To ensure a proper fit, make sure to follow any instructions that come with the new gasket.
Once the new gasket is installed, your primer should be able to build up the necessary pressure and mix fuel and air properly.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Why does my lawnmower not prime?
If you notice that the primer bulb isn’t working, it could be because the primer bulb is broken or broken. Since these bulbs are made of flexible plastic or rubber, they will wear out over time.
How does the primer bulb on a lawn mower work?
When you push on the primer bulb, a vacuum is created that pulls gas from the fuel tank through the fuel lines and into the carburetor. After pressing the primer a few times, it starts to send enough fuel to the carburetor to mix with air and start a fire.